How our psyche works: 10 important features you didn’t know about

Our brain is an amazing thing. There are so many complex processes going on in it that scientists still have not studied everything to the end. However, some important regularities were still highlighted. Let us tell you about 10 secrets of the human psyche.

It is the processes taking place in the brain that determine how you will react to this or that situation. Will you be able to fall asleep quickly, to do a difficult job, not to eat at lunch, to refrain from spending a lot of money and even to keep your tongue behind your teeth. So how does it happen? Read in our material.

  1. Self-criticism does not help

All have broken deadlines and unplanned chitmies. There is no point in scolding yourself for the slightest mistake. Especially since the habit of unnecessarily criticizing each of their steps over time provokes the so-called moral indulgence. To protect itself from guilt and the flow of negativity, the human psyche is looking for at least some benefit in the situation. Perhaps you have noticed the following: you didn’t finish the work on time, so that’s all, you can not continue it at all and go to watch the series. You let yourself an extra piece of pie – if you can’t keep yourself in control, it’s better to just eat the whole pie and forget about diets.

These concessions only make the prostration worse. Insulting words and rebukes are the worst way to motivate. And the more you scold yourself, the more willing your brain is to grab any opportunity for a little more laziness. Delay a new attempt, which can also lead to failure and negativity. By criticizing yourself, you only shift your focus from the real problem. It is better to admit that you have the right to make a mistake. Yes, this time it did not work. But that’s okay! The main thing is not to give up and keep trying.

2. Free cheese can only be found in a mousetrap

Old truth, but truthful. There is nothing really free. All these samplers, useful mailings, gifts, tea, coffee, and even compliments that we sleep with the sellers in the stores, craftsmen in the salons and other representatives of the service sector – all this has only one purpose – sales. How it works: when you receive a small thing as a gift, you feel indebted to the one who gave it. When you hear nice words about yourself, you want to answer the same. When you get help, you realize that you need to somehow repay the favor.

Alas, this is how the brain works. Any “free” he takes as a proposal for cooperation. And it’s very likely that you will spend more money against your will in the store where you were given some unnecessary nonsense for free. And more than once you will go back there. In the salon, whose employees treated you to coffee and candy, can break the exorbitant price for the service, but you will not object. Even just by trying a microscopic piece of chocolate at a free tasting, you may be reluctant to buy a whole bar. So be careful. If you don’t plan to spend money, avoid such “unprecedented generosity” campaigns. Remember that they just try to force you to buy.

  1. Small steps lead to big goals

If you find it difficult to make yourself do something regularly, try to start with very small steps. For example, you can’t find time to read. Do not force yourself to swallow a book a week. To start with, when you have a few free minutes, try to read only a few pages, at least a dozen. Do so every day, and you will not notice how you get involved.

A huge undefined amount of work always scares our brains. It cannot calculate how much time and energy it will take. And he prefers to avoid the problem. And you put it off endlessly. And small tasks that take a minimum of time are given more easily. You realize that it is quite possible, and you do not want to stop and lose progress.

  1. Visualization works

Both specialists and ordinary people, who have already achieved high results in life, unanimously say: visualization really works. It is not difficult to imagine the way to the goal. And the benefits of this is huge. The amazing ability of the brain is not only in the fact that it easily translates into the imagination of any plot. Thanks to visualization, it can even “pump”!

When you have a detailed idea of how you get what you want, the brain is included in the work. For example, you need to develop a certain skill. Every night before going to bed, imagine how you will train him. Then, the brain areas responsible for developing this skill will be activated in advance and it will be much easier for you to learn. And by presenting your physical effort, you force the blood to flow more actively to the right muscles.

Of course, this will only work if you do not limit yourself to visualization, but will work hard. After all, the point is not to get what you want, without making any efforts. It’s about motivating yourself and increasing productivity. And another important point: you need to visualize not a material object – a house, a car or a million dollars – and your steps towards possessing it. So first you have to figure out how to get what you want.

  1. Stress makes us chatty

Stressful situations increase the chances that you will reveal some secret. Especially if you talk to your friends. Overstressed stress triggers several processes in the body at once: heart rate and breathing become faster, the muscles are more actively supplied with oxygen and blood. All this is necessary to escape or fight back in case of need. And you also become more sociable. Scientists believe that this is also the result of evolution. After all, at all times it was important for us to immediately inform our tribesmen about the approaching danger.

Most stressful situations in the life of a modern person do not need the reaction “hit or run”. For example, intensive training in the gym is also a stress for the body, although it is positive. However, there is nothing to be done, the body reacts to it in the same way. So, if you don’t want to talk too much when you just got nervous or have a good training and feel the need to communicate, just pay attention to what and to whom you will talk.

  1. Sports are better than puzzles

All kinds of games for the development of memory, attention, cleverness and speed of thinking are very popular. There are many options on the market, from wooden puzzles to special video games. It is believed that they improve brain function and prolong its youthfulness. However, experts in the field of cognitive ability are convinced that puzzles and crosswords do not work quite like this. More precisely, they do not work as simulators for the brain. Playing a certain game, you will only sharpen your skills in it. But you will not be able to influence the brain in a complex way.

What then works? Sports! Experts believe that it makes no sense to spend time on educational games, it is better to devote it to training. So far, no more effective remedy for premature brain aging and loss of cognitive abilities has been found. By practicing sports, you enrich the brain with oxygen and trigger many biochemical processes in the body. This is what will help you stay young for longer and keep your mind clear.

  1. Planning is half of success

A well-thought-out plan will help you start a complicated business and save your psyche from information overload. When you face a difficult task, the brain has to process a huge amount of information simultaneously. The longer you think through all the stages, the faster the brain will “overheat”. This happens to the computer – when the RAM is full, it starts to hang. The prefrontal cortex, responsible for willpower, refuses to work. You just won’t know how to approach the case and you won’t do anything. Scientifically, this is called analysis paralysis. Besides stress and confusion, it may even cause suffocation.

Help your brain – make a detailed plan. Break the task into small steps and do not move on to the next one until you understand the previous one. Sign all steps, up to the elementary “sit down”. Now, the brain does not need to think about everything at once. It will be easier for you to concentrate.

  1. Hands off!

Another sure way to spend more than planned is to touch the thing you like. Spontaneous purchases are often made under the influence of hormones. To be more precise, one of them is dopamine. Some people call it a pleasure hormone, but it is correct to consider dopamine a substance that provokes desire. It does not cause sincere satisfaction, but makes us want this or that thing very much.

You must have noticed: the anticipation of the long-awaited purchase causes such strong emotions, but as soon as you bring it home, all the joyful excitement goes somewhere. This is how dopamine works. It speeds up blood circulation, heartbeat speeds up, adrenaline production begins. You feel a strong excitement and invisibly buy something that you did not plan. And if looking at the showcases leads to the release of small doses of dopamine, then a touch of attractive things provokes a fairly tangible release of hormone. So it is better not to touch something that you do not plan to buy.

  1. Secrets of overeating

It is known what to eat when you are hungry. Do not sit at the table without appetite. Do not overeat and put the food aside when you do not want to. Unfortunately, to follow this rule is quite difficult. If snacks without appetite can still be avoided, it is very difficult to postpone a tasty meal in time.

Above we have already mentioned the prefrontal cortex – it is responsible for manifestations of willpower. When you make a conscious decision to refuse a delicacy, this very zone of the brain is active. However, the “self-control center” may also get tired and fail. Especially after a hard day, when you had to solve a lot of tasks and think about different issues. So you sit down at the table and do not notice how you overeat. And if you have something very tasty before you, the dopamine also intervenes. It seems that you want to eat the whole cake, although the stomach will have enough and a small piece. It is also difficult to stop eating in a large company. When people around you have not finished eating yet, you may feel uncomfortable just sitting.

Do not give in to these feelings and do not torture yourself. Facilitate your brain task – take the food out of sight. When you don’t see the under-eaten dish, you will stop thinking about it. If you can’t get up from the table, ask the waiter to take the plate or cover it with a napkin. At home it is easier: you feel that you are fed up, hide the leftovers in the fridge or leave the kitchen.

  1. Evening in midnight

Healthy sleep is very important for the whole organism. But it is not always possible to have a good sleep. Dimmed light will help you tune in to rest. If you have a problem with falling asleep or are not satisfied with the quality of sleep, then spend the evening in low light. A couple of hours before you’re going to lie down, turn off the main light, leaving only small lamps. You’ll notice that it’s easier to fall asleep.

Over the years, the human brain has become accustomed to responding to light during the day. Bright light is associated with the height of the day, so the brain just can’t completely turn off during it. But the twilight is a signal that the evening has come. The brain understands that it is necessary to prepare for rest. The sleep hormone melatonin starts to be actively produced, all the processes in the body slow down, you relax. In order not to disturb the natural daily rhythms, create a relaxing light in the evening and do not linger in bright light.