Temperament and career choice

Temperament and career choice

Everyone knows the four basic types of temperament – choleric, sanguine, melancholic and phlegmatic. According to scientists, the temperament associated with the peculiarities of the human nervous system, so it is considered an innate property. Change your temperament rather difficult – which means it is easier and more correct to learn to take into account their own abilities in the learning process, as well as in choosing a profession. Which of the four described temperaments best suits you?


Choleric when facing difficulties experiences impulse and a sense of excitement. He is attracted to risk and active leisure. Sometimes he tends to overestimate their capabilities. Despite the energy, the choleric does not always bring the work to the end. In communication, he is impulsive, prone to violent emotional reactions, open and straightforward, and at times angry and aggressive. Choleric is very sociable, but with most of the environment has a rather superficial relationship. In the company he is often a leader and cheerleader. A distinctive feature of speech choleric – speed, and often confusion, it is usually emotionally colored and accompanied by bold gestures and facial expressions. Choleric restless, he constantly shows the desire for new, monotonous activity as it wearies. He is prone to make hasty decisions, which over time regrets and reconsiders its position. Efficiency choleric very dependent on the frequently changing moods.


The main enemy of the choleric is boredom, which he can not get over and set himself to work or study. Therefore, to organize their learning, you need to select interesting material. It is best to alternate reading educational literature with watching a popular science film, visiting an exhibition, discussing the topic with classmates, solving problems that require a non-standard approach. In general, for full and quality assimilation, choleric must use all perception channels.

While getting ready for exams, try to group the material into separate meaningful blocks, look for information in them, which could become a clue for reproducing the rest of the material, best of all, if this material catches your emotions. To interest yourself in difficult, incomprehensible and uninteresting topics, try to actively discuss them with interested people – this will help you easily catch their interest.


What professions are suitable for the choleric? Choleric can excel in professional fields related to working with people, establishing social relationships, as well as where you need to accommodate the interlocutor. For the choleric has no difficulty to start a new activity, he is quickly adapting to change. In contrast, hard to work, where certain actions and functions are repeated often, it quickly tires him out. For the choleric is an insurmountable obstacle to thorough study of something or improve a certain skill. Choleric can be quite productive by having constant emotional support, when stimulating his interest in work, having new ideas. Choleric people are good leaders because they are extremely resistant to stress and conflict situations. They easily learn the profession of reporter, radio and television presenter, sales specialist, interpreter, guide, advertising specialist, public relations, as well as other activities, where in the first place is to communicate with people. That most of the choleric among successful entrepreneurs and businessmen. Choleric achieves considerable success in professional activities, which is planned as a project (before the specialist put a clear and understandable task, which he begins and ends, and then proceeds to address the next, unlike the previous problem). For the choleric the choice of profession and workplace is important, where the key to the specialist and the payment is a specific result, but not the amount of time worked – the choleric is more effective, planning his own work schedule. Thus, professions associated with work on the conveyor belt or in the archives do not suit the choleric. Although among the professions that suit the choleric, such as journalism, there may also be a certain amount of routine: the planned preparation of a certain number of articles in compliance with a given style and format. Therefore, the choleric must think through not only the choice of future profession, but also everything that is associated with it: specialization, place of work, etc. In general, choleric succeeds mainly in professions that require constant live communication, rather than work with documents or equipment. Just important is the specifics of the future profession, choleric closer to flexibility and conformity than punctuality and meticulousness.


Emotional, vulnerability, and sometimes anxiety characterizes the melancholic. In public melancholic permanently closed, and his emotions are not visible to others. Melancholic do not seek to expand social circle, but can be attached to friends quite strongly and for a long time. Melancholic can safely live alone. He is tactful, considerate and observant in conversation, but he can not communicate long-term with people, especially those whom he knows little. Melancholic hard to fail and react acutely to criticism, so they badly need compassion and support. In the work of melancholic pedantic and meticulous, executive, they do not escape the slightest detail.


To productively absorb new knowledge, melancholic must adjust. To successfully absorb the material you need to carefully organize their time and space. The learning process will be effective if he will not interfere with even minor things: uncomfortable clothes, memory of a problem. If the melancholic mindset accordingly, then be able to long and thoroughly absorb the necessary information. It is also necessary to highlight the main thing in it, to focus attention on the important points, to make the construction of logical chains. The more thoroughly the melancholic parses the material, the longer it holds in memory. In preparing for exams, it is necessary to avoid thinking about the impending delivery of the subject, not to overload the imagination with possible failures and difficulties. It is necessary to have a firm confidence in success, and it is desirable to enlist the approval and moral support of others.


Melancholic achieves success in work that requires scrupulousness, pedantry, observation, research details and at the same time excludes a large circle of communication. Thus, professions melancholic may be associated with technology, information processing, the creation of artistic images. Melancholics excel in such areas as literature, fine arts, film criticism, as well as IТ-specialists, economists and architects. There are also many melancholics in academia. Melancholics are sensitive to the emergence of unforeseen circumstances, changing situations and stress can greatly impair their performance. Melancholic achieve success in the professions of the auditor, analyst, programmer, editor. He can show himself a talented psychologist, if the focus is not on group training and work with staff, but on private consultations, research and diagnostics. For the melancholic, it is important to choose a profession where his achievements as a specialist will be judged on qualitative rather than quantitative indicators. On the surface, the profession of a melancholic may seem monotonous, but it must constantly enrich him creatively and intellectually. An example of a job that is not at all suitable for a melancholic would be the profession of an advertising agent. Communicating with a wide range of strangers, frequent adverse and conflict situations, shallow study of the subject – it is not suitable for these people. At the same time in advertising melancholic can prove to be a successful developer of effective advertising campaigns.


On the team sanguine perceive an active, cheerful and friendly person. Sanguine person is balanced; outwardly he can seem restless, but inside stay calm. Sanguine people are characterized by high performance, they can concentrate on the task at hand for long periods and easily switch from one task to another, but when dealing with issues tend to show superficiality. On the team sanguine behaves openly, he expresses himself, can well control his emotions, has a good nature and optimism. Sanguine very sociable, they have a lot of contacts, but only a few close friends. With new people sanguine get along quite easily. They have an objective self-esteem, which can be adequate, but sometimes slightly exaggerated. The sanguine person has pronounced organizational skills.


The sanguine needs established systematic work in order to perform well. Sanguine is capable of fruitful learning if there are no distractions. For the sanguine very important to have a well-planned day and at the same time strictly follow the plan, not allowing the slightest deviation. Planning and systematization is necessary in the learning process – all training material should be decomposed in the mind of “in folders”, then it is studied more easily and thoroughly.

Sanguine people should not neglect the various methods of learning, including active learning. Organizations of group discussions, setting up laboratory experiments, and taking notes on the subject will help sanguine students study the material more effectively.


Sanguine people can implement itself in professions associated with both physical and intellectual work, because they have a stable performance, which has little effect on external or internal factors. Sociability helps them realize themselves in professions related to the service – it gives them an opportunity to prove themselves in leadership positions. Sanguine easily adapt to any work schedule, they can adapt to any innovations. Teachers, Administrators, Correspondents, Salespeople, Bartenders, Accountants, Technologists, Lawyers, Recruiters and many other positions suits Sanguinis. In this case, they will also be available to professions that require scrupulousness and concentration, attention to detail (such as dispatcher, jeweler, milling machine, etc.). However, for the sanguine, they may not seem interesting. Sanguine people are able to become good leaders in many areas of professional activities. Among the professions that are least likely to work sanguine, include record keeping or assembly of radio components. Sanguine hard to work in the absence of clear tasks and rules of work, when the task requires more creativity and initiative. Sanguine can find the application that suits his interests, abilities and skills in any occupation – thus, this type of temperament can be called a universal with the choice of specialty.


Phlegmatic differs most stable type of nervous system. Phlegmatic characterized by poise, the ability to withstand any stress, have very low emotionality. The slow pace of speech, unhurried movement, lack of fussiness indicate that this is a typical phlegmatic. This being said, he does his job with average speed and fairly accurately. Around phlegmatic behaves steadily, he is calm, few words, shows discretion, he has no high demand for communication, his circle of contacts is quite small. Phlegmatic peculiar long reflection before making a decision, but once it is made, he will act systematically and methodically. For good performance phlegmatic need to stay in a calm familiar surroundings, everything must be in its place, it is very tired of vanity and the presence of unforeseen circumstances. phlegmatic characterized by consistency in their interests and stability in their relationships. He knows how to finish the job, but it can take quite a long time to get to work.


The most difficult part of learning phlegmatic – is to engage in the work for him to start doing some work, as well as learning new information. Work can interfere with a typical phlegmatic unhurried pace, in this regard, before performing the work to calculate the time to spare, so there was no discomfort due to lagging behind others working at a faster pace. Low speed phlegmatic successfully compensate for the thoroughness. They should pay attention to the key points of the material, to study in detail the basic laws and rules, then the rest of the material will be clearer and will be absorbed faster. For phlegmatic more important and useful to understand in detail one complex problem in physics, instead of spending time to solve ten simple problems.


Phlegmatic extremely hardworking, any monotonous work can be carried out for a long time with high quality, it also applies to work where scrupulousness and thoroughness is required. Emotional stability phlegmatic can benefit in those areas of activity that require calm analysis of the situation and make a balanced decision. Phlegmatic can achieve success in professions related to production, administrative activities, as well as to successfully carry out work that requires maintaining a stable state of certain processes. Phlegmatic successfully cope with the professions of dispatcher, laboratory technician, agronomist, engineer, veterinarian, computer specialist, jeweler, proofreader, professions related to data processing and, of course, a number of other professions. Although phlegmatic people are low communicative, they will successfully cope with the work, which involves communication, it is important that this does not require the activity (sales specialist). Thus, phlegmatic suits the profession of a doctor, computer specialist, economist, etc.

Phlegmatic will feel very uncomfortable, choosing the profession of an entertainer or secretary. This applies to any activity that requires frequent improvisation, work in changing conditions, which makes the switch to new actors and rebuild themselves under new tasks. For successful work phlegmatic important profession, which provides a clear schedule, clear algorithms, detailed tasks and designated deadlines.


To conclude the review, it should be said that the choice of profession is usually influenced by a set of different factors that need to be taken into account. Thus, if you are very attracted to a certain occupation, but it is not recommended to you from the position of your temperament, do not worry. In today’s world so many interesting and in-demand professions and specialties that you can always find the job where your individual abilities and interests, your temperament and personality traits will be demanded and appreciated.