The labor market is constantly changing, and professions that were in demand 5 years ago, today may be unnecessary and poorly paid. It is not easy to predict such changes. In 2005, expert analysts predicted that the top 10 professions by 2015 will include nanotechnology specialists, marketers, space workers and programmers. But there are PR, marketing, analysts and programmers…
Analysts of the job search portal aboutmans.com claim that the country is currently oversupplied with psychologists, designers, lawyers and shortage of engineers, doctors and agronomists. In Russia, 86% of university graduates with degrees in humanitarian education today can not find a job in their specialty. However, as globalization processes have affected the labor market as well, a profession can now be chosen with the world in mind.
We have studied the forecasts of the BBC, Forbes, Skolkovo, the Higher School of Economics and Rosstat to find out who headhunters will be after in Ukraine and the world in 5-7 years.
Trends in the present and future professions
Christopher Pissarides, Nobel laureate in economics, in his lecture, “Human Capital in the Fourth Industrial Revolution”, says that there are very few areas left where humans will not soon be displaced by robots. These are healthcare, education, hospitality, real estate, households and personal services.
Analysts predict global technology, which is why IT and robotics will affect all areas. Even humanitarian areas will not be able to do without the basics of programming and algorithmization.
In 2016, the first Russian bioprinter was launched, which can print living tissue and organs. This heralds fundamental changes in medicine, too. Drone cars are appearing in the transport sphere, in economic – internet banking, in agriculture – multi-sensor sensors for studying plant roots.
Cited the research conducted by the Skolkovo Moscow School of Management and the Agency for Strategic Initiatives, as a reference to the professions of the future. According to their joint project, 136 new professions will appear by 2030. Among them:
an ecoanalyst in construction;
architect of energy-zero houses;
a territory architect;
a gambler practitioner;
smarter road builder
a navigator in the Arctic;
life cycle planner for space structures;
robotic systems engineer;
designer of children’s and medical robots;
clothes recycling specialist;
model developer Big Data;
intellectual property appraiser
Skolkovo experts note that architects capable of creating houses using energy-saving materials will soon be in demand.
Along with intensive development of IT and eco-design, the service sector will be actively developed.
The essence of work of doctors and teachers will change. Mechanical work, which takes time and effort, will be performed by programs. Therefore, specialists will have more time to obtain additional education and learn new methods. The sphere of online education will continue to develop.
Both worldwide and in Ukraine, the number of people receiving postgraduate education is increasing – specialists are becoming more mobile and open to new knowledge, constantly taking online courses of professional development and retraining.
In the future, specialists will need to replenish the stock of their personal competencies more and more often, to acquire new skills that will be relevant and in demand in the rapidly developing world. Among the forecasted actual skills:
programming / robotics / artificial intelligence
customer focus and people management
multiculturalism and multi-lingualism
English proficiency ceases to be a competitive advantage in the labor market, and becomes a necessity for any specialist. With IQ Consultancy you can start learning English from scratch, raise your language level, and prepare for international language exams. In addition, our school is the official reception center for one of the most popular TOEFL language exams.
How and where to get relevant education?
The question “Where should I go to study?” is acute for the graduates: often, when entering an educational institution, they do not fully understand what kind of profession they choose. This misunderstanding may persist until they graduate.
Unlike Ukrainian schools, students abroad are not only trained to enter specific universities, but also do serious work on career guidance, identifying their talents and aptitudes. Students of foreign schools study a wide range of subjects: from classical civilization and psychology to robotics and the latest business technologies. They can train in rowing or debate, play chess or attend a Shakespeare Lovers’ Club.
The older the students get, the more disciplines they try. So, the more choice they have – what they are interested in as a future profession, what they are inclined to do. As a result, by the age of 16, 90% of foreign students already know what they want to become.
In addition, secondary schools in Europe and America have career consultants with students. Also educational institutions cooperate with large companies. Students have the opportunity to work in starting positions on vacation and to set specific career benchmarks.
But it is not enough to enter an interesting profession – it is important to understand how and where to apply the knowledge gained. Often, Russian graduates with deep fundamental knowledge lack practice. This leads to the fact that more than half of our graduates by the end of their studies lose interest in studying and work in a profession other than their profession.
If you have already graduated from a Russian university, but want to change your specialty or get more modern education in your field, think about applying to a foreign university. You can get a bachelor’s degree in a new field, continue your master’s studies or take intensive professional courses in your field. Ask more from our consultants.
Higher education institutions abroad offer up-to-date knowledge and develop students’ practical skills. Most higher education institutions are also research centres with their own laboratories, where students work on their own projects and participate in the development of large companies.
Studying at a foreign university gives an opportunity to stay in another country (for example, Canada has mild immigration conditions for young professionals) and build a career on a global level. For those who do not want to leave their country forever, studying in a foreign university is a great experience and an important advantage for employment in Ukraine, especially since many foreign universities teach narrow specialties, which are not yet available in Ukrainian universities.
USA, Canada, Singapore and Malaysia.
According to the world’s leading university rankings (Shanghai, QS, THE), North American universities – USA and Canada – are leading in training IT specialists. Recently Asian universities – in particular, Singapore and Malaysia – have made a qualitative breakthrough in training IT specialists. Both countries have taken a course on development of innovations, IBM, Microsoft, HP are placing their offices there, and Malaysia has its own “Silicon Valley” – Cyberjaya.
The Dutch universities of applied sciences in Groningen and Enschede are particularly renowned for the quality of engineering education. The universities conduct their own research, and the Saxion University of Applied Sciences campus in Enschede is the first real campus city in the Netherlands.
Switzerland, United Kingdom
In tourism, hotel and restaurant business, the Swiss educational model, which combines theoretical studies with practice, has become very popular. Graduates have not only fundamental knowledge, but also all necessary practical skills. Education on this model is not only available in Switzerland. Swiss hotel institutes have campuses in other countries as well – for example, Les Roches University has campuses in Spain and China.
Great Britain, USA, Australia
The leading universities in medicine are the UK, USA and Australia (THE rating). Global trends influence the public policy of European countries – they actively attract medical specialists from other countries. A concrete example: in Germany, the European Institute and Charité International Academy offer a 9-month preparatory programme for Ukrainian doctors, after which they are guaranteed a job in Germany.
MODA AND DESIGN
Among the companies in the field of art, fashion and design the graduates of Italian and French universities are especially appreciated – architects from Domus, interior designers from Istituto Marangoni and NABA.
When choosing a higher education institution, it is important to take into account many factors – from the quality of education to the specifics of the country and the specific institution. To make sure you don’t make a mistake and prepare yourself thoroughly for admission, seek specialist assistance. We will be glad to help!